In the initial series the child will find the possibility to exercise works that elucidate slight knowledge of lateralidade, ratio, reduction and spatial orientation. With these interiorizados contents, the child will have easiness to assimilate essential concepts in subsequent series as she scales, geographic projection and coordinates, which are seen today as animal-of-seven-heads for great part of the pupils of basic and average education. These concepts must be worked since the initial series until average education, gradually and with the care of transp them for the language of the pupil. In such a way, the knowledge and cartographic abilities are developed and deepened since 1 series until 3 collegiate, for then to make possible to the pupil the accomplishment of geographic analyses. (VOGES & KEYS, 2010). To work the bases of the cartography in the initial series is of utmost importance for the development of the process of learning of the cartography and this pautado in the National Curricular Parameters of Geography, in view of that the child, to the end of the first cycle of learning, must be capable to read, to interpret and to represent the space by means of simple maps. This engloba to understand as is conceived the specific functions of the map as, orientation, localization, valuation, having understood that these symbols are the language of the characteristic map and give it specify of the representation of geographic way (VOGES & KEYS, 2010).
2.2. DEVELOPMENT OF the STUDY OF the CARTOGRAPHY Having the child, learned the mentioned bases of the cartography in the previous topic, in the initial series, when to arrive at basic education, will have continuity of its process of learning. The importance of the study of the geographic space it is had as lcus of the social interactions, being basic to understand the locacionais principles so that if it can act of conscientious form, from the knowledge of scale, legends, maps and other instruments.