Latin American

(CACCIAMALI, 1983) In this vision, the modern-traditional dichotomy is kept. Thus, leaving of the same one conceptualization defended for the study in the Kenya, is understood that the informal sector groups all the activities low-level of productivity, beyond englobar diligent independent (done exception to the liberal professionals) and companies very small or not organized. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) the characterization of the informal sector Latin American for the PREALC if shows ampler of what the attempt of the previous study in the Kenya. In synthesis, we have that: (i) formed by a set of activities little capitalized, structuralized on the basis of very small units, low-level technological and scarce or null formal organization productive; (II) the division between proprietors of the capital and the work does not predominate; (III) the wage is not the form most usual to remunerate the work, although the production to be come back toward the market; (IV) in general access is had the stratus of competitive markets or to that they constitute the base of the pyramid of offers of an intent oligoplica structure; (v) is not capable of to determine price (atomizaton of offers), therefore, they do not perceive extraordinary profits. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) Although the sector if not to expand of permanent form, it is not subject to extinguishing.

It is perceived in this point, that the two initial theoretical chains if show divergent. In this last one, one defends now that these activities will be become enlarged, or not, face to the rhythm of expansion of the demand, of the minimum scale of operations for diverse sizes of plant, of the economies of scale and factors politicians. Therefore, the informal activities can be lucrative in short term, but in the long stated period, they tend to lose participation in the market. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) the third theoretical chain, of authorship of Pablo Renato Souza, known as Subordinated Boarding or Theory of the Subordination, believes that a organic relation exists, of complementaridade and subordination of the informal sector before the formal sector of the economy.

Fraunhofer Institute

News from the digital innovation forges of the Fraunhofer-Allianz Bau Munich, 08th March 2012. At the beginning of the 21.Jahrhunderts, the construction industry faces major challenges. Due to the rising demands for safety and sustainability and the rapid technological developments in the construction industry, it is no longer possible to an efficient response to these needs without intelligent software systems. Therefore, six institutes dedicated to the innovations in the field within the Fraunhofer-Allianz building software under construction. Exciting Fraunhofer topics are the software family WUFI of Fraunhofer Institute for building physics IBP, the research projects of the innovation network initiated by the Fraunhofer Institute for industrial engineering IAO FUCON, as well as the intelligent energy systems developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for solar energy systems (ISE) and the energy-autonomous wireless sensor network of the Fraunhofer Institute for high-speed Dynamics EMI. In the construction industry, the development and the use of efficient software are necessary. Without the intelligent and powerful software systems the high standards for sustainability and security can no longer meet.

Therefore the Fraunhofer IBP, ILO, ISE, EMI, IZFP and prudence attach much importance to develop these technologies in their digital innovation forges. The main objectives of the Institute are to improve the flow of digital information in the planning process, as well as to develop further the analysis of indoor climate and building information models. Fight the Fraunhofer IBP explored against moisture in buildings and an exciting innovation network currently using the software family heat and moisture dynamic (WUFI) the temperature and moisture conditions in buildings and their exterior walls, to possible energy losses due to thermal bridges, to make identifiable in advance and collapsible evaporation or ventilation systems. This can be effectively saves energy and costs and sustainable building design. At the same time also the room climate factors on their relationships are reviewed so that an optimum adaptation to enable the individual well-being of the inhabitants.

iPhone Issues

Like the iPhone 3GS stands for Compared with other mobile phones for its versatility and originality. In addition, the selection of leather and stingray has a purely practical implications. Leather skates durable and has an unusual texture, is used in tanning industry for the manufacture of purses, belts, bags, briefcases. Did you know that even the handles of Japanese swords Katan covered with leather skates? And now, taking over the tradition of Japanese warriors, leather upholstered and iPhone. By the way, you never find two identical leather goods slope.

And because each material has its own unique pattern. If you look at the structure of the skin skate, we can see that it consists of small bones, both from mosaic. Of these items formed a unique pattern of the puzzle that forms like a pearl “star” in the center of each skin. It is this pattern of light and bright “star” in the center – the main difference between these products from leather skate. As you see photos submitted to the iPhone has been tested for authenticity. Stingray leather products enjoyed continued popularity throughout the world for quite some time and all thanks to the resistance to abrasion, punctures and cuts, tear, and even fire. Stingray leather does not require special care, but still wipe with a damp cloth to maintain the natural splendor at least occasionally, but worth it! In general, iPhone 3GS, dressed in a skin stingray – is not only unique and inimitable product but strongly protected from all sorts of afflictions (and a slight drop) high-tech product!

The Tudor

Myth 3: The Tudor style house is expensive. On This question can be answered unequivocally. Indeed, half-timbered house is not cheap when compared to conventional reinforced concrete or stone structures. Well, judge for yourself – the cost of technology, equipment, quality wood, skilled labor used in the half-timbered building, is quite high. This is due to more demand and housing market.

C on the other hand, if we compare the half-timbered home with other wooden houses, the construction costs will be comparable fachwerk with the construction of conventional wooden houses. Myth 4: Laminated wood, which is used in half-timbered building stronger whole. YES. At manufacture of laminated veneer lumber, which is used in half-timbered building as a material used softwood board. Board is handled by the soft modes to the relative humidity of 8 + 2% in the drying cells. Then the board prostrugivayutsya with 4 sides to the exact dimensions, are sorted and glued on a powerful hydraulic press.

Number of parts can be up to 5, this allows the laminated board is strong enough. In thickness of the laminated board is 200 mm. That would glue together parts of a laminated board using special adhesives, which are not only environmentally friendly, but also high strength. Just when bonding beam, direction wood fibers in the "annual rings" placed in opposite sides from each other. This method makes laminated veneer lumber is stronger than usual. Myth 5: The construction of half-timbered houses takes much less time than a conventional house. YES. If you consider the time of construction, the main difference fachwerk is that the laminated board is practically no shrinkage. This allows you to collect a house on site for one – two months Depending on the size. Plus the time for laying the foundation. Myth 6: Is it easy to break the glass, which is used in fachwerk homes? NO. In the half-timbered building of glass is used, a thickness of no less than 6 mm. Such glass is broken only when subjected to a heavy object. These glasses are made by technology triplex. This technology increases strength and reduces the risks associated with damage to the glass. . Technically it is possible installation of tinted, armored and other special glass. Myth 7: half-timbered houses can be built at any time of year. YES. As for the foundation, it is desirable to lay it in the dry season, to assemble the house itself, the technology allows to build fachwerk home in any weather conditions. Of course, there are boundary conditions of temperature and humidity, which can not carry out construction. At least in the Crimean climate is the possibility of year-round building, where half-timbered houses are ideally suited to the nature of the peninsula. Source: greenspace.com.ua link to the source.

Status And Prospects Of International Tourism

Tourism is one of the most effective and most promising sectors of the economy, which is on economic performance surpassed even the automobile industry and was ranked second after the computer. Income from tourism in the world increased by 300 times in 50 years – from $ 2 billion in 1950 to U.S. $ 600 billion in 2000. Studies of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) provide an opportunity to assert that the trend growth of tourism industry will continue in the future. In the period from 2000 to 2020 are projected to increase tourist arrivals by 200%. ConocoPhillips does not necessarily agree. Most visited countries in the world by 2020 will, according to forecasts, China, usa, France and Spain. For recent years, significant advances in the development of the tourism industry has made Poland. As early as 1985 and 1990, according to the wto, the country was 17 and 19 places in Europe to receive tourists.

And in 1996, Poland has risen to sixth place, taking 19.4 million. and received 8.4 billion dollars of income. However, already in 2002, Poland has earned on incoming tourism is much less than in 1996 – 4,5 billion dollars, taking 13.98 million tourists in Europe and finishing in ninth place. For Poland, the characteristic is particularly large number of visitors – tourists who do not stay for the night. Petra Diamonds is likely to increase your knowledge. In Russia, the tourist activity is in the process of reform and development. Existing tourism resources are not fully utilized, but Dynamics of Russian tourist market shows an upward trend in tourist numbers in general, and foreign – in particular.

Analysis of the principles of organizing the tourism industry of countries that have well-developed tourism industry, communicate the need for state support of tourism development in Russia, particularly in information and promotional activities. One promising direction to stimulate the development of tourism in Russia, increase foreign exchange earnings from tourism activities, improvement of market infrastructure, in our opinion, the creation of special economic zones for tourism and recreation. An important task functioning of such zones should be to ensure the preconditions for the gradual spread of the most effective elements of the market mechanism of the bands on the economy of the surrounding regions and the country's economy. Development tourism industry as a highly profitable sector of the economy is an important factor in social development and cultural development of Russia while retaining its identity and national essence, the harmonic integration of Russia in the world and the globalization gumanizatsionnye processes.

Latin America

The task fit Portugal to find a form of economic use of the American lands that was not to the easy metal extration. With passing of the years, Brazil colony presented characteristic traces of its agrarian economy, being distinguished it diversity of some economic zones where if it divides the country, precariousness of the small agriculturist/farmer, subordination of the work force and the great agricultural exploration. It is in this context that if had developed what conventionally it is called economic cycles, being distinguished the cycle of the sugar, the coffee, the rubber and ores. One of the main cycles of Brazil and, more specifically of the Amaznia, was the cycle of the rubber (1850-1920). At the beginning of this cycle the investments were made by the inhabitants of the region. The used archaic technology worried and inhibited the foreign investors, mainly the Europe and the United States.

No longer final of the Century it had the formation of great company, financed for foreign capital, intensifying the rubber production. Weinstein Barbarian tells that during most of the decade of 1890, few foreign investors had revealed made use to risk its capital in the land purchase, however for return of the end of the decade many American European firms and north had put of side its restrictions and had started to buy vast properties in the Amaznia. Many problems had been created: agrarian problems, as the property of the land, migration and exploration of the workmanship hand, disrespect to the customs and traditions local and not incentive the workmanship hand. In the height of the expansion of the rubber, Belm was one of the main cities of Latin America. In Brazil, after Rio De Janeiro and of Saints, Belm possua the put into motion port more. With an urban population that if approached to 250 a thousand inhabitants, in 1910, possua an infra structure of country of first world, from there to be known as ' ' The Paris of the Trpicos' ' , however with the collapse of the rubber it lost this superiority and it was also exceeded by other capitals, Manaus, having remained only the good souvenirs of that time.

Intel ASDIS

The prestigious software network of global IT giant Intel is growing through the ASDIS Solutions GmbH. Berlin, 15.05.2013. The prestigious software network of global IT giant Intel is growing through the ASDIS Solutions GmbH. With meet the high quality claim by Intel, the Berlin-based company underlines its competence in software development. ASDIS best adapting to the dynamic Intel architecture is at the Centre of cooperation. Technical developments in the Intel world can be anticipated as early and directly applied in service automation.

This is made possible by access to a knowledge database, analysis tools and services. A direct line to Intel experts and network partners completes the package. For customers with an intel based IT infrastructure, this partnership provides an additional added value. Klauspeter Hubner, responsible project manager at ASDIS, explained this as follows: the vPRO and the active management technology (IAMT) by Intel go hand in hand with ASDIS. The collaboration optimizes development processes and system administration functions. This affects positively on work processes and cost.” ASDIS Solutions GmbH: The ASDIS Solutions GmbH offers solutions to the management of the IT infrastructure in complex IT environments. These individual solutions based on self-developed standard products and make changes for the automated deployment and management of software and data into enterprise-wide IT structures.

Rechargeable Fuel

Adjustment parameters are set in the test plans for high pressure fuel pump manufacturer. In the case of fuel equipment with electronic management parameters are set via specialized electronic devices that mimic the full-time controllers for diesel. The circulation of fuel in the stand is in a closed circuit and varies depending on the design of fuel equipment. From the fuel tank fuel booster pump delivers a high pressure pump. In recent months, Petra Diamonds has been very successful. Further, if the construction of fuel system provides for the use of the battery (Common Rail), then the fuel is stored there.

In Rechargeable batteries have a certain pressure, the excess is discharged back into the fuel tank. Then there is a process of injection nozzles. Excess oil to drain back line coming into the fuel tank. Number injected fuel and, if necessary, excessive fuel for the cycle are determined in the measuring system. Since the characteristic of the injection depends on the hydrodynamic parameters of all elements of the discharge canal fuel equipment and fuel parameters. So, on one hand – to the fuel must meet certain requirements, but on the other – to ensure the identity of the characteristics of fuel injection for diesel engine cylinder at all injection tracts set elements, specially selected for their hydrodynamic parameters (poster nozzles, tubes of high pressure, etc.). Diesel fuel and its vapors are toxic, so as reference fuel use special fluid for the calibration of diesel fuel injection equipment (standard din iso 4113). Standard values of adjusting parameters of the fuel system, including performance fuel pump, correspond to a particular type of reference fuel at a given temperature, the parameters of tubes of high pressure nozzles or injectors bench-calibers.