Atlantic Forest

Moving away itself from the sea, it is presented as arbustiva thick vegetation with the presence of low trees; it has in these bushes many epfitas, mainly bromlias. (GONALVES, 2004) Beyond the coastal plain the city of Joinville also possesss as relief form the Mountain range of the Sea. This is most extensive mountainous cinturo and one of the most spectacular natural paisagsticos scenes of the Country, extending itself parallel to the line of the Atlantic coast, since the State of the Espirito Santo, until the northeast of Santa Catarina in the City of Joinville, separating the coast of the interior of Brazil. The hillsides of the Mountain range present predominantly steep relief, with declivity above of 75%. Culminating points: Burnt mountain range – 1,325 meters; Mountain range of the Whirlwind 967 meters; Jurap peak 1,149 meters. With regard to its geologic origin, the same one, passed for a soerguimento process, has about 550-600 million years (Me), through tectnicos processes associates with volcanic activities and earthquakes. But before this, it has 2,7 billion years, the first metamrficas rocks already were if forming. In region, the Mountain range of the Sea possesss diverse denominations in accordance with the locality: Mountain range of the Quiriri, Saws Burnt, Mountain range Francisca Owner, Mountain range of the Whirlwind, Saws of the Silver, Saws of the Pira and Tiririca.

It is characterized by presenting a mountainous relief representing an abrupt rupture between the coastal plain and plateaus, with unevennesses many superior times the 1000 meters. Its hillsides, directed toward east, possess raised inclinations, generally bigger that 30o, being larded for deep valleys and encachoeirados, keeping the preserved remainders more of Atlantic Forest, protected for the rough topography. (GONALVES, 2004) the rivers that are born and drain the hillsides of the Mountain range of the Sea, directly for the Ocean, are characterized by incased valleys, following the geologic structures of the region, in general, they possess great speed of its waters, allowing the transport of great amount of sediments (fragmentos of rocks and minerals) known as rolled pebbles and sands.