Scientific Psychology

THE establishment of scientific psychology to say that scientific psychology was the product of philosophical interactions and the physiology of the nervous system, in particular the sensory, still considered Germany as their wedge to open then step by other countries in the world. Wundt, Wilhelm (Germany) and the foundation of scientific psychology the goal of psychology is the study of conscious processes or which Wundt believed part of immediate experience. For Wundt, psychologists do not study the outside world per, studying the psychological processes by which we experience and observe the outside world. Also cannot be separated themselves of their objects of study since they study their own conscious processes. The tool of psychologists is the experimental self-observation or introspection, this being a rigidly controlled process, which is not limited to autorreportes, but it comprises measures objective as well as times of reaction and Association of words. Wundt located psychology between the physical sciences and the natural sciences; Similar to those of the physical sciences research and experimental methods to document are used for psychological issues as an inductive, experimental science. The approximation of Wundt is a scientist who uses experimental methods to study that life. Wundt believed that language, myths, aesthetics, religion and social customs are reflections of our higher mental processes; For him these processes may not be manipulated or controlled, so it is not possible to study experimentally, but through historical records and literature and naturalistic observations.

Conceived in addition a third branch of psychology that integrates the empirical findings of this, with other sciences, the scientific metaphysics. Wundt (expressed in the text) aims the establishment of psychology as a foundational science, which integrates the physical and social sciences. Janet, Pierre School of Paris was one of the members of the so-called School of Paris, who followed the footsteps of Ribot and Charcot.