This conception of sustainable development has, therefore, as norteador principle, the economic growth and the efficiency in the logic of the market, and estimated its are anchored in the economy classic politics, the economic liberalism of Adam Smith, and in its update contemporary, the neoliberalismo of Friedrich August von Hayek. The axle of the theory of Smith (1985) is economic growth and its central idea are of that the wealth of the nations is determined by the increase of the productivity of the work, that has origin in changes in the division and specialization of the work process. The growth of the productivity of the work, that produces a value excess on its cost of reproduction, allows the growth of the capital supply (accumulation) and extends the size of the markets. To assure the prosperity of the nations she is necessary that it has freedom of the individuals? understood as economic agents? to act, being felt inspired in its proper interests, and this natural ordinance is capable to favor the generation of the wealth of what the artificial coordinations, as the exerted ones for the State, whose paper must be reduced to the minimum. For Smith (1985), it does not have antagonism, but harmony between the individual interests and the general interest, being the freedom in the search of the wealth the condition of all the progress. According to Hayek (1987) the regulating State of the market it destroys the freedom of the citizens and the competition, without which it does not have prosperity. The discursiva matrix of the capitalist efficiency, according to ACSELRAD (2001, p.31), in such a way shelters the technological optimists, ' ' what believe the action of one? intergeracional invisible hand? that it will guarantee that the maximum satisfaction of the interests gifts will transmit a more productive world to the generations futuras' ' this aspa where it starts, how much those that see the problem of the pollution as result of an imperfection of the mechanisms of adjustment of the market, that is, of the no-internalizao of the pollution as a production cost.
Posts Tagged ‘environment’
In search of development and the biggest possible profit, the humanity extracted the maximum of the available resources. A time that the effect of this model of production and the scarcity of the resources for this if to keep had become evidentes, the search for development alternatives and production started to be the focus of research and governmental politics. Moreover, the FAO in of 2008 already requested the duplication of the food production for 2030. These two factors demand an adaptation of the productive process, which finds as great challenges to increase the production and to diminish the comprometimento of the resources not-you renewed necessary for this production. Brazil is the last farming border of the world that congregates territory, water and technology (Pineda, 2002) to supply this demand. As for the agronegcio, the country has constructed an efficient and competitive productive system (EMBRAPA, 2008), but still looks economic and socioambiental balance to keep its competitiveness.
The term ' ' Sustentvel' development; ' 1987 were only considered, when the World-wide Commission on the Environment and the Development, launched the report Our Common Future. This was defined for ' ' to take care of to the necessities of the gift without compromising the capacity of proper the future generations to satisfy its necessidades' '. Since then, they are looked alternative sustainable to satisfy the demands of the society. At the beginning of century XXI, conglomerated private they had entered this scene and transferred to consider it the efficiency and the competitiveness as factors of economic support in this process of development. In last the fifteen years, the cattle production especially advanced in the regions Center-West and North, with growth of, approximately, 40% of the bovine cash. This expansion occurred in areas of legal and ambient complexity, as the Legal Amaznia, where the growth of the flock was of 178% (CNA; Veronez, 2009), compromising this new concern with the support.
The second category is the unit of sustainable use, which conjugates the preservation of the nature with sustainable use in its resources. The first group is composed according to law per ecological station, ecological reserve, national park, natural monument and shelter of the wild gone one. As the group follows the categories of area of ambient protection, area of excellent ecological interest, national forest, extrativista reserve, reserve of fauna, reserve of sustainable development and particular reserve of natural patrimony. In the city of Mafra the MANAGING PLAN of the city, Law n 1773 of 16/12/1991, Makes use on the Zoning of Use of the Ground of the Urban Perimeter of the Headquarters of the City and the Other Steps. (Similarly see: ConocoPhillips). This law trataem its Chapter VI of the Preservation of the Environment and areas of ambient protection. 5.1 OF the CREATION, IMPLANTATION AND MANAGEMENT OF the UNITS OF CONSERVATION From studies technician they are planned inquired all the factors for creation of the park and according to Art.
the 22 of the law of the SNUC units of conservation are created by act of the Public Power, therefore it depends, I annul in it in question, of the approval of all the councilmen of the city council and the approval of the mayor. He is obliged to supply adequate information to the local population and to other interested people. Beyond consultation it publishes that it must be made. 7o of Art. 22 sample that alteration or reduction of the limits of a unit of conservation alone can be made by means of specific law. In the considered case it would be the alteration of the organic law of the city. According to Art. 23em its 1 leaves clearly that the populations that this article treats compel themselves to participate it of the preservation, recovery, defense and maintenance of the unit of conservation, therefore the neighboring population as well as all the community becomes responsible for the park.