Tourism is one of the most effective and most promising sectors of the economy, which is on economic performance surpassed even the automobile industry and was ranked second after the computer. Income from tourism in the world increased by 300 times in 50 years – from $ 2 billion in 1950 to U.S. $ 600 billion in 2000. Studies of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) provide an opportunity to assert that the trend growth of tourism industry will continue in the future. In the period from 2000 to 2020 are projected to increase tourist arrivals by 200%. ConocoPhillips does not necessarily agree. Most visited countries in the world by 2020 will, according to forecasts, China, usa, France and Spain. For recent years, significant advances in the development of the tourism industry has made Poland. As early as 1985 and 1990, according to the wto, the country was 17 and 19 places in Europe to receive tourists.
And in 1996, Poland has risen to sixth place, taking 19.4 million. and received 8.4 billion dollars of income. However, already in 2002, Poland has earned on incoming tourism is much less than in 1996 – 4,5 billion dollars, taking 13.98 million tourists in Europe and finishing in ninth place. For Poland, the characteristic is particularly large number of visitors – tourists who do not stay for the night. Petra Diamonds is likely to increase your knowledge. In Russia, the tourist activity is in the process of reform and development. Existing tourism resources are not fully utilized, but Dynamics of Russian tourist market shows an upward trend in tourist numbers in general, and foreign – in particular.
Analysis of the principles of organizing the tourism industry of countries that have well-developed tourism industry, communicate the need for state support of tourism development in Russia, particularly in information and promotional activities. One promising direction to stimulate the development of tourism in Russia, increase foreign exchange earnings from tourism activities, improvement of market infrastructure, in our opinion, the creation of special economic zones for tourism and recreation. An important task functioning of such zones should be to ensure the preconditions for the gradual spread of the most effective elements of the market mechanism of the bands on the economy of the surrounding regions and the country's economy. Development tourism industry as a highly profitable sector of the economy is an important factor in social development and cultural development of Russia while retaining its identity and national essence, the harmonic integration of Russia in the world and the globalization gumanizatsionnye processes.