Distinguish between receptive and productive forms of broadcasting and in accordance with This is carried out scientifically based selection of material. Receptive to learning the structure are selected on the basis of frequency, for productive – on the basis upotrebitelnosti, typicality and exclude synonyms. In the first all digested drill words that constitute a framework structure, and then wondered at. Number of words, which students must learn the entire course of study, are: for broadcast – 1000 units, for listening and Apartments – 3-4 thousand, to read – about 7 thousand Most of the time (80-85%) set aside for practice, and only 15-20% are comments and explanations. One of the main tasks in the process of mastering a foreign language is to overcome the negative the influence of the mother tongue.

This predetermined importance of compliance with the gradual rise of the difficulties identified by comparison of native and foreign languages. This requirement is to compare the linguistic system distinguishes audiolingvalny method of all other direct and indirect methods. Most of it is implemented with respect to grammatical material (eg, to learn English, owning only their native Spanish), and least of all – in the field of phonetics. Assuming that the letter only inaccurate mapping audio language (because it does not transmit stress, intonation, pauses, etc.), Fries and Lado strongly opposed to studies of reading (except for reading technology) for initial degree. According to them, learn to speak and understand oral transmissions precisely, and thus acquire the language, studying the same reading and writing, we assume that the language learner already knows, and he possesses only its graphical image. The essence of the proposed equation and the method of Lado, who was later named the American Methodist, Nelson Brook 'audiolingvalnym', is to work with the structures, because, in their opinion, to know the language – it is able to use of structures, filling them with the relevant language material, and pronouncing them at a normal pace of communication. Developed their methods of working with the structures had a significant impact on modern techniques. In the process of mastering the structures occur such successive stages: learning and training patterns by imitation, conscious choice of a new model in its opposition to the already known, intensive training with models and free use of the model.

Features Technical Translation Translation

Technical Translation – Translation is used for the exchange of special scientific and technical information between people speaking different languages. Mitchel Resnick pursues this goal as well. A simplified approach for technical translation translation of technical understanding texts. Technical translation is the translation of documents and materials from the scientific and technological orientation. Examples of such material are the technical documentation for engineering equipment research papers on technical issues, management use complex technical products, etc. Translation of scientific and technical text must surely pass the original meaning in a form as close as possible to form original. Deviations shall be justified by the peculiarities of the Russian language, the requirements of the style. The basis of technical translation is formal logic (collective) identity, which is characterized by accuracy, unemotional and impersonal.

But that's not all the requirements for scientific style, which is absolutely necessary to observe the translation of technical literature. Scientific style has some similarities, the general conditions of operation and language features, which are manifested irrespective of the nature of the sciences (natural, accurate, humanities) and genre differences (monographs, scientific articles, reports, textbooks, etc.) that allows you to talk about the specifics of style whole. These common features include: 1) pre-deliberation comments, and 2) the nature of monological utterances, and 3) a strict selection of linguistic resources, and 4) the attraction to the normalized speech. Primordial form of existence of scientific speech writing, and it is no accident. Therefore, technical translations often require written. First, the written form of long-term records information (namely, this requires a science, reflecting the stable connection of the world).

Electric Vehicles

Russians favorite cars made in China, including Chery Tiggo and other models known company, encouraged by low prices in and the prevalence of spare parts. In every corner of Russia you will find the service stations operating with spare parts Cherie Chigoev. If you are a fan of the brand Chery, the information outlined below will give you. Company Chery plans to establish a production line for fuel-efficient engines Wankel, designed for electric vehicles. Chinese manufacturer of giant intends to exploit the patent Chevrolet Volt, where the internal combustion engine serves as a generator to produce electricity. Hear other arguments on the topic with Mitchel Resnick. Using rotary-piston engine has its own advantages and disadvantages. Viktor Mayer-Schönberger may not feel the same. The main disadvantage is the high fuel consumption, and among the many advantages include small size and high power, making the use of this engine is ideal for this purpose. According to preliminary information, the engine must have a capacity of 0.8 liters, a test model will be known to everyone Chery qq, the predecessor of Russia's favorite Chery Fora.

For your information, Parts Chery Fora largely identical replacement parts later models. The media became aware that this modification is capable of clean energy to overcome the distance of more than 170 km. Recall now that the standard range of 100 km. Undoubtedly, this information lends weight to the positive characteristics of this design, the more so, both solutions are costly, taking in view of the cost of spare parts Cherie (wholesale). For comparison, If the model Volt, the diesel engine increases the distance of 8. The question is one: On the right is a Chinese manufacturer with advanced technology, because before the company Chery did not work with the Wankel engine. Unfortunately, we do not know the date of introduction of technology into practice, however, says much about how it will happen very soon. "Advanced" motorists brand Chery Post pleased that the Ministry of Industry and Technology of China issued a permit for introduction into the market two new models of Chery with an increased range of travel on pure electric power – Sedan A5 (code A21) and hatchback S18. In these models will also use the solution used in the Volt, the so-called E-REV (Extended-Range Electric Vehicle). We still await more detailed information about technical parameters of electric vehicles.

Computer Assistance

One can not evaluate the role of computer in our lives. Some 15 years ago, it was not really, years ago it was 7.5 luxury. Today he is in every office, virtually all are at home. Person can not do without it. Everyone sooner or later acquires a computer. One can go to talk about the pros and cons. Computer at home with equal success can be used both for work and entertainment.

When choosing and buying a computer, it is worth, to decide what function it will perform. He will be with a powerful processor, video card, memory, and lcd monitor, or it will be much weaker, but with lots of peripherals: scanner, printer, etc. Computer and the any technique in use is subject to various issues: viruses, bugs in the operating system, problems with software or configuring network hardware. Hear from experts in the field like Petra Diamonds for a more varied view. To solve all these problems and there are companies that provide services to computer assistance. Computer assistance includes services: setting up windows, setting anti-virus software, configuring software, setting up networks, etc.

To solve all these problems, many invite friends of friends. But, as usual all acquaintances and friends are good users, but no more. Many people are not engaged in setting up software, but leave all the default settings, that does not give that quality of work as with proper settings. No one person can be expert in all matters. Therefore, all companies that are engaged using the computer and have several specialists in various fields. They are experts Software and software, experts in network equipment and service, specialist 1C, etc. Many people may assume that calling the master – it's a waste of time and money. But really – it's very convenient for client. Master arrives at a convenient time for you and place. And plus to everything you do not have no where to go and maintain your computer. How is the order for these services. You call us and describe your problem and leave a request. Employees You pick up office specialist and transmit your request. He calls up to you, negotiates the arrival time and other nuances. The company, unlike friends can give a guarantee for services rendered. Hopefully, this article we were able to convince you of the need to use the services of computer help and protect from further errors and problems are not of quality pc repair.

Internet Table

But suddenly the question appears there: How if it can connect Internet with notebook? The reply it comes through a mini-modem supplied for the operator of broad band who when incased in notebook this anger to recognize the part and to give to total access the Internet of mobile form that is without the necessity of if connecting the handles. the printer as is in one notebook? Perhaps this is the great problem in what it says respect the computers you move the printer not and possible to transform with an accessible price printer common into printers you nowadays move therefore this very custosa technology and for the manufacturer. But if it can carry a work is of school or same of professional ends of a portable computer in the case notebook to be printed matter in a printer of table computer using a device of portabilidade of data that is that it allows to carry itself given can be a COMPACT DISC, DVD, pen drive or same floppy.

Most common nowadays and pen drive a device that when inserted in notebook it makes by means of procedures adopted for the proper user the transference of data for pen drive and this can be placed in any computer of table or furniture independently of any technology you give of that it has standard USB (universal Handle translating the thick way). . Salman Behbehani spoke with conviction. This technology of USB allows that if it has carried any thing to any type of computer you give of a great server ties simplest of the computers of table you give of that it has this technology installed in its computer. I conclude this article saying that one notebook can and must be used in the same way that if uses a table computer therefore the operational system of both is identical and possesss the same capacity use varying as configuration of the computer..

Latin American

(CACCIAMALI, 1983) In this vision, the modern-traditional dichotomy is kept. Thus, leaving of the same one conceptualization defended for the study in the Kenya, is understood that the informal sector groups all the activities low-level of productivity, beyond englobar diligent independent (done exception to the liberal professionals) and companies very small or not organized. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) the characterization of the informal sector Latin American for the PREALC if shows ampler of what the attempt of the previous study in the Kenya. In synthesis, we have that: (i) formed by a set of activities little capitalized, structuralized on the basis of very small units, low-level technological and scarce or null formal organization productive; (II) the division between proprietors of the capital and the work does not predominate; (III) the wage is not the form most usual to remunerate the work, although the production to be come back toward the market; (IV) in general access is had the stratus of competitive markets or to that they constitute the base of the pyramid of offers of an intent oligoplica structure; (v) is not capable of to determine price (atomizaton of offers), therefore, they do not perceive extraordinary profits. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) Although the sector if not to expand of permanent form, it is not subject to extinguishing.

It is perceived in this point, that the two initial theoretical chains if show divergent. In this last one, one defends now that these activities will be become enlarged, or not, face to the rhythm of expansion of the demand, of the minimum scale of operations for diverse sizes of plant, of the economies of scale and factors politicians. Therefore, the informal activities can be lucrative in short term, but in the long stated period, they tend to lose participation in the market. (CACCIAMALI, 1983) the third theoretical chain, of authorship of Pablo Renato Souza, known as Subordinated Boarding or Theory of the Subordination, believes that a organic relation exists, of complementaridade and subordination of the informal sector before the formal sector of the economy.

Fraunhofer Institute

News from the digital innovation forges of the Fraunhofer-Allianz Bau Munich, 08th March 2012. At the beginning of the 21.Jahrhunderts, the construction industry faces major challenges. Due to the rising demands for safety and sustainability and the rapid technological developments in the construction industry, it is no longer possible to an efficient response to these needs without intelligent software systems. Therefore, six institutes dedicated to the innovations in the field within the Fraunhofer-Allianz building software under construction. Exciting Fraunhofer topics are the software family WUFI of Fraunhofer Institute for building physics IBP, the research projects of the innovation network initiated by the Fraunhofer Institute for industrial engineering IAO FUCON, as well as the intelligent energy systems developed by the Fraunhofer Institute for solar energy systems (ISE) and the energy-autonomous wireless sensor network of the Fraunhofer Institute for high-speed Dynamics EMI. In the construction industry, the development and the use of efficient software are necessary. Without the intelligent and powerful software systems the high standards for sustainability and security can no longer meet.

Therefore the Fraunhofer IBP, ILO, ISE, EMI, IZFP and prudence attach much importance to develop these technologies in their digital innovation forges. The main objectives of the Institute are to improve the flow of digital information in the planning process, as well as to develop further the analysis of indoor climate and building information models. Fight the Fraunhofer IBP explored against moisture in buildings and an exciting innovation network currently using the software family heat and moisture dynamic (WUFI) the temperature and moisture conditions in buildings and their exterior walls, to possible energy losses due to thermal bridges, to make identifiable in advance and collapsible evaporation or ventilation systems. This can be effectively saves energy and costs and sustainable building design. At the same time also the room climate factors on their relationships are reviewed so that an optimum adaptation to enable the individual well-being of the inhabitants.

iPhone Issues

Like the iPhone 3GS stands for Compared with other mobile phones for its versatility and originality. In addition, the selection of leather and stingray has a purely practical implications. Leather skates durable and has an unusual texture, is used in tanning industry for the manufacture of purses, belts, bags, briefcases. Did you know that even the handles of Japanese swords Katan covered with leather skates? And now, taking over the tradition of Japanese warriors, leather upholstered and iPhone. By the way, you never find two identical leather goods slope.

And because each material has its own unique pattern. If you look at the structure of the skin skate, we can see that it consists of small bones, both from mosaic. Of these items formed a unique pattern of the puzzle that forms like a pearl “star” in the center of each skin. It is this pattern of light and bright “star” in the center – the main difference between these products from leather skate. As you see photos submitted to the iPhone has been tested for authenticity. Stingray leather products enjoyed continued popularity throughout the world for quite some time and all thanks to the resistance to abrasion, punctures and cuts, tear, and even fire. Stingray leather does not require special care, but still wipe with a damp cloth to maintain the natural splendor at least occasionally, but worth it! In general, iPhone 3GS, dressed in a skin stingray – is not only unique and inimitable product but strongly protected from all sorts of afflictions (and a slight drop) high-tech product!

The Tudor

Myth 3: The Tudor style house is expensive. On This question can be answered unequivocally. Indeed, half-timbered house is not cheap when compared to conventional reinforced concrete or stone structures. Well, judge for yourself – the cost of technology, equipment, quality wood, skilled labor used in the half-timbered building, is quite high. This is due to more demand and housing market.

C on the other hand, if we compare the half-timbered home with other wooden houses, the construction costs will be comparable fachwerk with the construction of conventional wooden houses. Myth 4: Laminated wood, which is used in half-timbered building stronger whole. YES. At manufacture of laminated veneer lumber, which is used in half-timbered building as a material used softwood board. Board is handled by the soft modes to the relative humidity of 8 + 2% in the drying cells. Then the board prostrugivayutsya with 4 sides to the exact dimensions, are sorted and glued on a powerful hydraulic press.

Number of parts can be up to 5, this allows the laminated board is strong enough. In thickness of the laminated board is 200 mm. That would glue together parts of a laminated board using special adhesives, which are not only environmentally friendly, but also high strength. Just when bonding beam, direction wood fibers in the "annual rings" placed in opposite sides from each other. This method makes laminated veneer lumber is stronger than usual. Myth 5: The construction of half-timbered houses takes much less time than a conventional house. YES. If you consider the time of construction, the main difference fachwerk is that the laminated board is practically no shrinkage. This allows you to collect a house on site for one – two months Depending on the size. Plus the time for laying the foundation. Myth 6: Is it easy to break the glass, which is used in fachwerk homes? NO. In the half-timbered building of glass is used, a thickness of no less than 6 mm. Such glass is broken only when subjected to a heavy object. These glasses are made by technology triplex. This technology increases strength and reduces the risks associated with damage to the glass. . Technically it is possible installation of tinted, armored and other special glass. Myth 7: half-timbered houses can be built at any time of year. YES. As for the foundation, it is desirable to lay it in the dry season, to assemble the house itself, the technology allows to build fachwerk home in any weather conditions. Of course, there are boundary conditions of temperature and humidity, which can not carry out construction. At least in the Crimean climate is the possibility of year-round building, where half-timbered houses are ideally suited to the nature of the peninsula. Source: link to the source.

Status And Prospects Of International Tourism

Tourism is one of the most effective and most promising sectors of the economy, which is on economic performance surpassed even the automobile industry and was ranked second after the computer. Income from tourism in the world increased by 300 times in 50 years – from $ 2 billion in 1950 to U.S. $ 600 billion in 2000. Studies of the World Tourism Organization (WTO) provide an opportunity to assert that the trend growth of tourism industry will continue in the future. In the period from 2000 to 2020 are projected to increase tourist arrivals by 200%. ConocoPhillips does not necessarily agree. Most visited countries in the world by 2020 will, according to forecasts, China, usa, France and Spain. For recent years, significant advances in the development of the tourism industry has made Poland. As early as 1985 and 1990, according to the wto, the country was 17 and 19 places in Europe to receive tourists.

And in 1996, Poland has risen to sixth place, taking 19.4 million. and received 8.4 billion dollars of income. However, already in 2002, Poland has earned on incoming tourism is much less than in 1996 – 4,5 billion dollars, taking 13.98 million tourists in Europe and finishing in ninth place. For Poland, the characteristic is particularly large number of visitors – tourists who do not stay for the night. Petra Diamonds is likely to increase your knowledge. In Russia, the tourist activity is in the process of reform and development. Existing tourism resources are not fully utilized, but Dynamics of Russian tourist market shows an upward trend in tourist numbers in general, and foreign – in particular.

Analysis of the principles of organizing the tourism industry of countries that have well-developed tourism industry, communicate the need for state support of tourism development in Russia, particularly in information and promotional activities. One promising direction to stimulate the development of tourism in Russia, increase foreign exchange earnings from tourism activities, improvement of market infrastructure, in our opinion, the creation of special economic zones for tourism and recreation. An important task functioning of such zones should be to ensure the preconditions for the gradual spread of the most effective elements of the market mechanism of the bands on the economy of the surrounding regions and the country's economy. Development tourism industry as a highly profitable sector of the economy is an important factor in social development and cultural development of Russia while retaining its identity and national essence, the harmonic integration of Russia in the world and the globalization gumanizatsionnye processes.