In the initial series the child will find the possibility to exercise works that elucidate slight knowledge of lateralidade, ratio, reduction and spatial orientation. With these interiorizados contents, the child will have easiness to assimilate essential concepts in subsequent series as she scales, geographic projection and coordinates, which are seen today as animal-of-seven-heads for great part of the pupils of basic and average education. These concepts must be worked since the initial series until average education, gradually and with the care of transp them for the language of the pupil. In such a way, the knowledge and cartographic abilities are developed and deepened since 1 series until 3 collegiate, for then to make possible to the pupil the accomplishment of geographic analyses. (VOGES & KEYS, 2010). To work the bases of the cartography in the initial series is of utmost importance for the development of the process of learning of the cartography and this pautado in the National Curricular Parameters of Geography, in view of that the child, to the end of the first cycle of learning, must be capable to read, to interpret and to represent the space by means of simple maps. This engloba to understand as is conceived the specific functions of the map as, orientation, localization, valuation, having understood that these symbols are the language of the characteristic map and give it specify of the representation of geographic way (VOGES & KEYS, 2010).
2.2. DEVELOPMENT OF the STUDY OF the CARTOGRAPHY Having the child, learned the mentioned bases of the cartography in the previous topic, in the initial series, when to arrive at basic education, will have continuity of its process of learning. The importance of the study of the geographic space it is had as lcus of the social interactions, being basic to understand the locacionais principles so that if it can act of conscientious form, from the knowledge of scale, legends, maps and other instruments.
In view of the amplitude of this subject it is delimited as space of analyzes of this article and as delimitation of the subject a quarrel on the possibilities of practical of ecoturismo in the Track of the Mount the Crest, Old Road Three Bars, area this that covers the Mountain range of the Quiriri in the northeast portion of the State of Santa Catarina, in the city of Garuva, being the last stretch of Mountain range of the Sea of Brazil, SC. ConocoPhillips recognizes the significance of this. INTRODUCTION the occupation human being in the environment of the northeast coast of the State of Santa Catarina and in the mountain range borders that, caused it significant space changes in the landscape, such as the urbanization in areas of manguezais and creation of clandestine land divisions in mounts, transforming the environment of the region. However, the northeast region of the state of Santa Catarina still presents characteristic peculiar in its landscapes such as the ecosystem presence diverse with different physical characteristics that understand since the great area of estuary of the Bay of the composed Babitonga for extensive manguezais until the Mountain range of the Sea, being this possessing region of considerable dimension of the preserved Atlantic Forest in the South of the Country.
In diverse times of bureaucratic and authoritarian form, the Brazilian authorities want to condemn the professors, however the support lack with that it cures the difficulties of Ensino has been enormous instead of increasing the wage, to enable the professional and to improve its conditions of work, from top to bottom imposes new guides or curricular proposals written by some few professors related with the state machine. Therefore, for Lacoste cited for Vesentini (2008), in the sample that the education of Geography in them puts an important responsibility: the formation of the future citizens, therefore for it the difficulty to teach these you discipline is very complicated and delicate, therefore an intense previous formation of the professors is indispensable also. To change the reality requires modifications in all the pertaining to school structure, leaving of the professor to leave the standard stipulated in the didactic books that many times present differentiated reality of the place where the pupils live, using this thought of Castrogiovanni evidences that: So that this change occurs, the professors and the institution of the School in the salt complexity must be engaged with what we call to make society and citizenship. The school must provoke educating to know and to conquer its place in the world in a teia of social justice seems to be simple, but not, he is at least challenging as all practical pedagogical. (CASTROGIOVANNI, 2007, p.44). In this context she is necessary to win these difficulties to become significant the context of the lessons for the pupils being been that Geographic science for dealing directly with the reality, opens a possibility fan to work its subjects in the school..
Moving away itself from the sea, it is presented as arbustiva thick vegetation with the presence of low trees; it has in these bushes many epfitas, mainly bromlias. (GONALVES, 2004) Beyond the coastal plain the city of Joinville also possesss as relief form the Mountain range of the Sea. This is most extensive mountainous cinturo and one of the most spectacular natural paisagsticos scenes of the Country, extending itself parallel to the line of the Atlantic coast, since the State of the Espirito Santo, until the northeast of Santa Catarina in the City of Joinville, separating the coast of the interior of Brazil. The hillsides of the Mountain range present predominantly steep relief, with declivity above of 75%. Culminating points: Burnt mountain range – 1,325 meters; Mountain range of the Whirlwind 967 meters; Jurap peak 1,149 meters. With regard to its geologic origin, the same one, passed for a soerguimento process, has about 550-600 million years (Me), through tectnicos processes associates with volcanic activities and earthquakes. But before this, it has 2,7 billion years, the first metamrficas rocks already were if forming. In region, the Mountain range of the Sea possesss diverse denominations in accordance with the locality: Mountain range of the Quiriri, Saws Burnt, Mountain range Francisca Owner, Mountain range of the Whirlwind, Saws of the Silver, Saws of the Pira and Tiririca.
It is characterized by presenting a mountainous relief representing an abrupt rupture between the coastal plain and plateaus, with unevennesses many superior times the 1000 meters. Its hillsides, directed toward east, possess raised inclinations, generally bigger that 30o, being larded for deep valleys and encachoeirados, keeping the preserved remainders more of Atlantic Forest, protected for the rough topography. (GONALVES, 2004) the rivers that are born and drain the hillsides of the Mountain range of the Sea, directly for the Ocean, are characterized by incased valleys, following the geologic structures of the region, in general, they possess great speed of its waters, allowing the transport of great amount of sediments (fragmentos of rocks and minerals) known as rolled pebbles and sands.
Decades of 1960 and 1970, asociedade believed that the natural resources were inexhaustible, but ahead dasrpidas occured changes for the technician-scientific revolution, the sprouting not governmental deinstituies and the diverse ambient problems and sociaisalcanaram global ratios, all these factors, to only cite some, had provided changes of opinions on the said economic development and dares of the natural resources. Atecnologia of the communication, especially, saw satellite of transmission of dadoscontriburam so that the society had greaters information of the world that arodeia, the spreading of ambient catastrophes for the television, the latent problemassociais, especially, of health had changed the behavior and visodo world on the actions implemented for the economic groups of produzirriqueza using indiscriminately the natural resources. In this in case that, we must detach the importance of the paper of the ONGs, to demand of the public power, ainterferncia in this process with the purpose to create a legislaoespecfica, to monitor the companies who direct or indirectly transform natural osrecursos into property partnerships e, still of a systematic form to study, to get given and information that subsidize the adequate use of the nature and suapreservao taking itself in account the social equity. The new technologies associates to the change in the concepohumana of the inexhaustability of the natural resources had been basic for osurgimento of two great sources one ‘ ‘ desenvolvimentista’ ‘ , that if preocupacom ‘ ‘ pessoas’ ‘ that it has necessities of if feeding, dressing, of living and avertente ‘ ‘ ambientalista’ ‘ that it more has the concern directed toward the aspectopreservacionista. These two sources disputed in the field politician-econmicoos ways to be trod for the humanity. During many years amongst one of the words more utilizadaspelos governments had been development and progress, as the flag brasileiraque represents this golden period of the economic growth.